Newly Characterized Genes

CHECK HERE FOR DESCRIPTIONS OF NEWLY CHARACTERIZED MAIZE GENES!

With the overwhelming number of genes that are being discovered by phenotypic and sequence analyses, the MaizeGDB staff is missing some that should be included in MaizeGDB. We need your help! Please let us know about new genes that you're working on or have recently read about.

MaizeGDB prefers not to assign formal gene names to gene models based purely on orthology. Known difficulties include inclusivity (there are over 10,000 functionally characterized Arabidopsis genes)* and some likelihood of errors in inferred functions. Unlike gene models, gene names are generally conserved unless differently named genes are found to be allelic. Of particular note, naming priveleges are customarily held by researchers who first confirm function.

We encourage researchers to use the annotation tool on the MaizeGDB gene model pages to add their insights about putative function, especially when not currently part of the Phytozome or Gramene pipelines.

Below is a list of newly reported or newly characterized genes (new reference, new gene product, and/or new variation) with which you may not yet be familiar. The genes are sorted by the last time the gene has been updated. To suggest genes for inclusion in this list, email us and include the gene name, full name, chromosome or bin, and a recent reference.

If you cannot find the gene you would like to recommend in the database, send us an email so that we can add it to the database!

This page is based on our monthly release. The updates are made around 4:00am CST.


         Recommended Genes


One month | Six months | One year | All time

New or updated genes since one month ago. The cutoff date is October 5th, 2019.

Last UpdateGeneFull Name : DescriptionChromosome
or Bin
Gene
Model
Recent ReferenceOrthologsUpdate information
yesterdaytlc14 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 14: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
8.01
GRMZM2G020148
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 14th, 2018
yesterdaytlc17 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 17: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
8.08
GRMZM5G825226
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: September 2nd, 2018
yesterdaytlc6 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 6: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
3.06
GRMZM2G077279
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc7 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 7: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
3.06
GRMZM2G021589
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc1 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 1: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G151521
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc2 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 2: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G429128
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc3 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 3: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G138330
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc4 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 4: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G132084
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc5 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 5: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G163426
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc8 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 8: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G170868
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc9 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 9: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
AC210013.4_FG012
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc11 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 11: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G444643
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc12 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 12: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G315726
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc13 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 13: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G016551
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc15 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 15: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
   Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc16 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 16: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G075023
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc18 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 18: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
 
GRMZM2G083427
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
yesterdaytlc10 TRAM/LAG/CRN8 10: encodes a TLC (TRAM/LAG/CRN8) domain protein
5.02
GRMZM2G016184
Si, WN et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:5484     Reference: November 4th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2019
Gene Model: November 4th, 2019
3 days agomterf10 mTERF domain protein10: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Yang, Y-Z et al. 2019. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcz204     Reference: November 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: February 19th, 2015
Variation: June 14th, 2019
3 days agoppr20 pentatricopeptide repeat 20: mutants arrest maize seed development; display slow embryo and endosperm development
 
GRMZM5G818978
Yang, Y-Z et al. 2019. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcz204     Reference: November 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: November 2nd, 2019
Gene Model: November 2nd, 2019
3 days agovte4 vitamin E synthesis4:
5.06
GRMZM2G035213
Zhang, L et al. 2019. Transgenic Research pp.doi: 10.1007/s11248-019-00180-z     Reference: November 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: June 26th, 2013
Gene Model: June 26th, 2013
6 days agobd1 branched silkless1: ear silkless with indeterminate branches at base; tassel proliferated, bushy
7.05
GRMZM2G307119
Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol. 0:doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044   At5g18560 (TAIR)
LOC_Os01g21820 (MSU/TIGR)
Os07g0669500 (Gramene)
Reference: October 30th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2009
Variation: August 13th, 2011
Gene Model: July 14th, 2011
6 days agopan1 pangloss1: Defines polarization in divisions of subsidiary mother cells at guard cells
 
GRMZM5G836190
Doblas-Ibanez, P et al. 2019. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact pp.doi: 10.1094/MPMI-05-19-0129-R     Reference: October 30th, 2019
Gene Product: November 27th, 2012
Variation: July 11th, 2014
Gene Model: November 2nd, 2011
6 days agora1 ramosa1: ear and tassel many-branched; tassel branches taper to tip
7.02
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol. 0:doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044     Reference: October 30th, 2019
Gene Product: April 11th, 2007
Variation: August 20th, 2010
6 days agose1 sugary-enhancer1: high sugar content with su1; light yellow endosperm; freely wrinkled in Ill677a
2.10 - 2.10
AC217415.3_FG004
Zhang, X, et al. 2019. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA. 0:doi: 10.1073/pnas.1902747116     Reference: October 30th, 2019
Gene Product: September 24th, 2019
Variation: May 4th, 2015
Gene Model: May 2nd, 2015
6 days agoub2 unbranched2: double mutant shows decrease in tassel branch number
 
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol. 0:doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044     Reference: October 30th, 2019
Gene Product: July 5th, 2019
Variation: December 17th, 2014
6 days agofea4 fasciated ear4: Mutants are semidwarfed with fasciated ears and tassels as well as greatly enlarged vegetative and inflorescence meristems.
 
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol. 0:doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044     Reference: October 30th, 2019
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Variation: July 7th, 2017
6 days agobde1 bearded-ear1: floral development MADS box transcription factor; recessive mutant has silky-polytypic-like ear
5.06
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol. 0:doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044   AT2G45650 (TAIR) Reference: October 30th, 2019
Gene Product: April 1st, 2011
Variation: October 5th, 2009
6 days agozag1 Zea AGAMOUS homolog1: amino acid sequence, deduced from cDNA to inflorescence mRNA, 61% identical to Arabidopsis floral homeotic gene protein AG1; expression strong in female inflorescence; possibly pt1; SSR umc1187
6.05
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol. 0:doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044     Reference: October 30th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 2nd, 2015
7 days agowrky67 WRKY-transcription factor 67: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Bo, C et al. 2019. Plant Cell Rep pp.doi: 10.1007/s00299-019-02481-3     Reference: October 29th, 2019
Gene Product: July 24th, 2017
11 days agorafs1 raffinose synthase1: mutants have significantly reduced seed vigor
3.03
GRMZM2G150906
Han, QH et al. 2019. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcz200     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 25th, 2019
Variation: March 23rd, 2018
Gene Model: March 23rd, 2018
11 days agorafs2 raffinose synthase2:
 
GRMZM2G050177
Li, T et al. 2017. Molecular Plant 10:1540-1555     Reference: March 1st, 2018
Gene Product: October 25th, 2019
Gene Model: March 1st, 2018
11 days agorafs3 raffinose synthase3:
 
   Li, T et al. 2017. Molecular Plant 10:1540-1555     Reference: March 1st, 2018
Gene Product: October 25th, 2019
11 days agommt1 methionine S-methyltransferase1:
8.05
GRMZM2G098031
Bourgis, F. 1999. Plant Cell. 11:1485-1498     Reference: July 19th, 2004
Gene Product: October 25th, 2019
Variation: September 20th, 2018
Gene Model: September 20th, 2018
12 days agorap2 rap2.7 orthologue: negative regulator of flowering time; vgt1 acts as an enhancer (Salvi et al. 2007)
8.06
GRMZM2G700665
Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Gene Product: July 5th, 2019
Variation: July 24th, 2019
Gene Model: November 20th, 2012
12 days agopebp2 phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein2:
 
   Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Variation: December 15th, 2010
12 days agopebp4 phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein4:
 
   Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Variation: December 15th, 2010
12 days agopebp5 phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein:
 
   Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Variation: January 31st, 2011
12 days agopebp8 phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein8: florigen activity: complements Arabidopsis FT mutants, promoting flowering at short days. Requires functional id1 gene.(Lazakis et al 2011)
 
GRMZM2G179264
Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Gene Product: May 6th, 2011
Variation: June 19th, 2015
Gene Model: May 6th, 2011
12 days agopebp24 phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein24:
 
GRMZM2G440005
Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Variation: December 14th, 2010
Gene Model: July 28th, 2016
12 days agoid1 indeterminate growth1: requires extended growth for flowering; vegetatively totipotent with gt1 and factors for perennialism
1.08
   Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Gene Product: January 3rd, 2015
Variation: August 3rd, 2015
12 days agocct1 CO CO-LIKE TIMING OF CAB1 protein domain1: photoperiod response locus; confers later flowering in teosintes under longer day lengths; many maize inbred lines, including some adapted to tropical regions, have cct1 alleles insensitive to photoperiod (Hung et al 2012)
 
GRMZM2G381691
Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332   AT5G24930 (TAIR)
LOC_Os07g15770 (MSU/TIGR)
Os07g0261200 (Gramene)
Reference: October 24th, 2019
Gene Product: June 18th, 2018
Variation: December 27th, 2017
Gene Model: July 17th, 2012
12 days agomads69 MADS-transcription factor 69: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.contributes to natural variation in flowering time in maize
 
   Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Variation: October 5th, 2018
12 days agodlf1 delayed flowering1: tall late plant with additional nodes and leaves at flowering; no apparent response to day length
 
   Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Variation: February 6th, 2011
12 days agomads1 MADS1: transcripts detected in egg cells and invivo zygotes of maize, also expressed in synergids and antipodal cells. during flower development expressed in all ear spikelet organ primordia at intermediate stages
9.07
   Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 15th, 2008
12 days agozag6 agamous-like6: Encodes a MADS-box transcription factor homologous to SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 that affects flowering time in Arabidopsis.
 
GRMZM2G026223
Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Variation: June 9th, 2014
Gene Model: June 9th, 2014
12 days agocyc10 cyclin10: Associates to cyclin dependent kinase proteins during germination and the complexes formed develop kinase activity.
 
GRMZM2G107377
Qiao, P et al. 2019. G3 pp.doi: 10.1534/g3.119.400757     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Gene Product: June 26th, 2009
Variation: December 21st, 2016
Gene Model: December 21st, 2016
12 days agocct2 CO CO-LIKE TIMING OF CAB1 protein domain2: photoperiod response locus; confers later flowering in teosintes under longer day lengths; knockout mutant causes early flowering under long days
 
GRMZM2G004483
Azodi, CB et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00332     Reference: October 24th, 2019
Gene Product: June 18th, 2018
Variation: December 27th, 2017
Gene Model: December 27th, 2017
13 days agoaasr5 abscisic acid stress ripening5:
10.04
GRMZM2G052100
Han, QH et al. 2019. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcz200     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2011
Variation: April 14th, 2007
Gene Model: November 1st, 2011
13 days agoga2ox12 gibberellin 2-oxidase12:
 
GRMZM2G177104
Zhang, Y et al. 2019. Plants doi: 10.3390/plants8100432     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 27th, 2014
Gene Model: October 30th, 2014
13 days agohma6 heavy metal ATPase6:
4.08
GRMZM2G315931
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2019
13 days agohma3 heavy metal ATPase3: associated with leaf Cd concentration under various Cd levels at seedling and maturing stages
 
GRMZM2G175576
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: January 27th, 2018
13 days agohma4 heavy metal ATPase4:
 
GRMZM2G455491
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: January 27th, 2018
13 days agohma2 heavy metal ATPase2: associated with leaf Cd concentration under low Cd condition at the seedling stage
 
GRMZM2G099191
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2019
13 days agohma1 heavy metal ATPase1:
 
GRMZM2G067853
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2019
13 days agohma5 heavy metal ATPase5:
 
GRMZM2G144083
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2019
13 days agohma7 heavy metal ATPase7:
 
GRMZM2G029951
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2019
13 days agohma8 heavy metal ATPase8:
 
GRMZM5G855347
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2019
13 days agohma9 heavy metal ATPase9:
 
GRMZM2G151406
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2019
13 days agohma10 heavy metal ATPase10:
 
GRMZM2G143512
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2019
13 days agohma11 heavy metal ATPase11:
 
GRMZM2G010152
Cao, YH et al. 2019. PeerJ doi: 10.7717/peerj.7877     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2019
13 days agodbf3 DRE-binding protein3: regulates rafs1 expression and raffinose biosynthesis and plant chilling stress tolerance
2.07
   Han, QH et al. 2019. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcz200     Reference: October 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: April 10th, 2013
Variation: October 23rd, 2019
15 days agopin9 PIN-formed protein9: similar to Arabidopsis PIN9 (Forestan et al 2012)
3.06
GRMZM5G859099
Wang, X et al. 2019. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcz154     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: April 21st, 2014
Gene Model: January 24th, 2013
15 days agocyc3 cyclin3: classIII; sense RNA functions in Xenopus oocytes; SSR umc1186
6.02
   Wang, X et al. 2019. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcz154     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: June 26th, 2009
Variation: January 17th, 2014
15 days agocyc7 cyclin7: Class I; sense RNA functions in Xenopus oocytes
3.06
GRMZM2G073003
Wang, X et al. 2019. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcz154     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: June 26th, 2009
Variation: October 23rd, 2012
Gene Model: August 16th, 2019
15 days agotir1 transport inhibitor response1: encodes a member of a class of F-BOX proteins shown to bind auxin and facilitate degradation of the transcriptional repressor Aux/IAA proteins
 
GRMZM2G135978
Wang, X et al. 2019. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcz154   LOC_Os05g05800 (MSU/TIGR)
Os05g0150500 (Gramene)
Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: July 25th, 2017
Gene Model: December 28th, 2018
15 days agoaas8 auxin amido synthetase8: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G053338
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas1 auxin amido synthetase1: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G068701
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas2 auxin amido synthetase2: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G378106
Wang, X et al. 2019. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcz154     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas3 auxin amido synthetase3: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G410567
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795   AT1G28130 (TAIR) Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas4 auxin amido synthetase4: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G061005
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas5 auxin amido synthetase5: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G060991
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas6 auxin amido synthetase6: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G061515
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas7 auxin amido synthetase7: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G033359
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas9 auxin amido synthetase9: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G414460
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795   AT2G47750 (TAIR) Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas11 auxin amido synthetase11: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G162413
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas12 auxin amido synthetase12: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G366873
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas13 auxin amido synthetase13: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
 
GRMZM2G091276
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agoaas10 auxin amido synthetase10: encodes an auxin-responsive indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase (GH3)
8.03
GRMZM2G001421
Feng, SG et al. 2014. J Integr Plant Biol 57:783-795     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: October 21st, 2019
Gene Model: October 21st, 2019
15 days agopin1 PIN-formed protein1: gene product cross-reacts with anti-AtPIN1 antibody and in tassel and ear, the PIN proteins are localized to a group of cells in subepidermal meristematic layers.
9.01
GRMZM2G398650
Wang, X et al. 2019. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcz154     Reference: October 21st, 2019
Gene Product: April 21st, 2014
Variation: January 20th, 2015
Gene Model: June 7th, 2012
17 days agovpp8 vacuolar proton pump8: encodes a vacuolar H+-ATPase subunit
7.04
GRMZM2G019999
Kang, C et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:E5125     Reference: October 19th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 25th, 2018
17 days agovpp10 vacuolar proton pump10: encodes a vacuolar H+-ATPase subunit
 
GRMZM2G163233
Kang, C et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci 20:E5125     Reference: October 19th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 19th, 2019
19 days agonactf87 NAC-transcription factor 87: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Jimenez-Galindo, JC et al. 2019. BMC Plant Biology pp.doi: 10.1186/s12870-019-2052-z     Reference: October 17th, 2019
Gene Product: July 8th, 2019
19 days agolac2 laccase2:
6.05
GRMZM2G146152
Jimenez-Galindo, JC et al. 2019. BMC Plant Biology pp.doi: 10.1186/s12870-019-2052-z     Reference: October 17th, 2019
Gene Product: March 31st, 2018
Gene Model: August 28th, 2018
20 days agoclt1 clumped tassel1: dominant Clt1 plants have variable dwarfing, developmental anomalies
8.06 - 8.06
GRMZM2G017305
Lau, KH. 2016. Co-orthologs of KATANIN1 impact plant morphology and show differential evolution in maize. Ph.D. dissertation, Purdue University, 145pp     Reference: October 15th, 2019
Gene Product: October 15th, 2019
Variation: October 16th, 2019
Gene Model: October 15th, 2019
21 days agoufg25  : Candidate for kernel row number trait (qKRN5b)
5.01
GRMZM2G094900
Shen, XM et al. 2019. Theor Appl Genet pp.doi: 10.1007/s00122-019-03436-8     Reference: October 15th, 2019
Variation: October 15th, 2019
Gene Model: June 16th, 2018
21 days agoktn2 katanin2: paralog of clt1
 
GRMZM2G054663
Lau, KH. 2016. Co-orthologs of KATANIN1 impact plant morphology and show differential evolution in maize. Ph.D. dissertation, Purdue University, 145pp     Reference: October 15th, 2019
Gene Product: October 15th, 2019
Variation: October 15th, 2019
Gene Model: October 15th, 2019
28 days agotcptf39 TCP-transcription factor 39: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Gyawali, A et al. 2019. BMC Plant Biology 19:412     Reference: October 8th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
29 days agostk2 serine-threonine kinase2: Sequence orthologous to rice stk2, in maize BAC contig overlapping b0178I03 and b0004G18 (Alleman 2006)
2.04
GRMZM2G179268
Javeed, A et al. 2019. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17:1789-11802     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: May 13th, 2014
Gene Model: January 9th, 2017
Recommended by Ed Coe:
May 1st, 2007
29 days agoae1 amylose extender1: glassy, tarnished endosperm; high amylose content; application: highly linear starch is used for food films, fibers, and other industrial purposes
5.04
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 6th, 2011
Variation: January 29th, 2018
29 days agoafd1 absence of first division1: male and female sterility; early meiosis
6.07
GRMZM2G059037
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118   AT5G05490 (TAIR)
LOC_Os05g50410 (MSU/TIGR)
Os05g0580500 (Gramene)
Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: July 30th, 2009
Variation: August 11th, 2011
Gene Model: July 14th, 2011
29 days agobt1 brittle endosperm1: mature kernel collapsed, angular, often translucent and brittle (alleles sh3, sh5)
5.04
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: February 24th, 2015
Variation: March 16th, 2018
29 days agobt2 brittle endosperm2: like bt1; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit; with sh2 complements E. coli glgC
4.05
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: December 4th, 2018
29 days agodu1 dull endosperm1: glassy, tarnished endosperm; encodes a starch synthase III, that with an isoamylase-type debranching enzyme represses accumulation of phytoglycogen
10.03
GRMZM2G141399
Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 14th, 2016
Variation: June 29th, 2015
Gene Model: February 28th, 2012
29 days agomus1 MutS homolog1: cDNA similar to E. coli mutS
7.04
GRMZM2G056075
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: August 15th, 2005
Variation: January 28th, 2013
Gene Model: August 5th, 2015
29 days agosh1 shrunken1: inflated endosperm collapses on drying, forming smoothly indented kernels; sucrose synthase-sh1 of endosperm (compare sus1 and sus2); homotetramer; SSRs phi028, 044, 033
9.01
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 25th, 2006
Variation: September 25th, 2017
29 days agosh2 shrunken2: inflated, transparent, sweet kernels collapse on drying, becoming angular and brittle; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit (compare bt2); application: "supersweet" sweet corn - kernels sugar-sweet for long period
3.09
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: January 9th, 2019
29 days agosu1 sugary1: endosperm wrinkled and translucent when dry; starch debranching enzyme I absent in developing endosperm, phytoglycogen but no debranching enzyme in germinating seeds; su1-am sugary-amylaceous; su1-st recessive starchy; application: the "sweet corn" gene - recessive kernels are creamy-sweet at milk stage
4.05
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: April 21st, 2016
Variation: June 6th, 2016
29 days agosu2 sugary2: endosperm glassy, translucent, sometimes wrinkled
6.04 - 6.05
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 14th, 2016
Variation: October 7th, 2010
29 days agowx1 waxy1: amylopectin (stained red by iodine) replaces amylose (blue staining) in endosperm and pollen; extensive allelic series; application: highly branched starch has gelling properties, used for food gels, adhesives, and other industrial purposes; SSRs phi022, 027, 061NCBI: granule-bound starch synthase 1, chloroplastic/amyloplastic
9.03
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 4th, 2008
Variation: March 8th, 2019
29 days agozpu1 pullulanase-type starch debranching enzyme1: single copy, cDNA clone similar to rice sequence; SSR umc1003The zpu1 gene encodes a pullulanase-type starch debranching enzyme. Analysis of plants homozygous for the zpu1-204 mutation reveal the genes role in starch catabolism. zpu1-204 endosperm accumulate maltooligosaccharides not found in wild type plants. zpu1-204 are also deficient for linear maltooligosaccharides.
2.05
GRMZM2G158043
Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 25th, 2011
Variation: June 29th, 2015
Gene Model: November 20th, 2014
29 days agozyp1 synaptonemal complex protein ZIPPER1: Homlogous to Yeast ZIPPER1 (ZIP1), Arabidopsis ZYP1 and rice ZEP1.
 
GRMZM2G143590
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: March 2nd, 2011
Variation: March 2nd, 2011
Gene Model: June 19th, 2014
29 days agosweet15a sugars will eventually be exported transporter15a:
4.05
GRMZM2G168365
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
29 days agozip5 zinc-regulated, iron-regulated transporter-like protein5:
6.04
GRMZM2G064382
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 5th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 25th, 2018
29 days agosbe1 starch branching enzyme1: maize kernel cDNA sequence is similar to starch branching enzyme I of bacteria, encodes a putative 64-amino acid plastid transit peptide (aka sbe1)
5.03
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 5th, 2018
29 days agosbe3 starch branching enzyme3:
8.06
GRMZM2G005298
Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 6th, 2011
Variation: June 1st, 2011
Gene Model: September 23rd, 2018
29 days agosweet4c sugars will eventually be exported transporter4c: Mutants are defective in seed filling
5.04
GRMZM2G137954
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780   LOC_Os02g19820 (MSU/TIGR) Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: November 3rd, 2015
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
29 days agosweet11a sugars will eventually be exported transporter11:
1.06
GRMZM2G368827
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
29 days agohp3 histidine-containing phosphotransfer protein3:
4.08
GRMZM2G451604
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Variation: April 4th, 2015
Gene Model: April 4th, 2015
29 days agosu4 sugary4: duplicate factor: in combination with su3 gives sugary endosperm phenotype.
6.05
GRMZM2G090905
Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 25th, 2011
Variation: June 3rd, 2011
Gene Model: October 24th, 2011
29 days agosweet6b sugars will eventually be exported transporter6b:
 
GRMZM2G416965
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
29 days agosweet13b sugars will eventually be exported transporter13b:
 
GRMZM2G021706
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: February 17th, 2018
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
29 days agosweet14b sugars will eventually be exported transporter14b:
 
GRMZM2G015976
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
29 days agodmc1 disrupted meiotic cDNA homolog1:
 
GRMZM2G109618
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Variation: May 12th, 2017
Gene Model: January 27th, 2017
29 days agomre11a meiotic recombination protein 11 homolog A: transgenic expression has positive role in plant salt tolerance (Luo et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G106056
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Variation: May 10th, 2017
Gene Model: January 27th, 2017
29 days agosweet13a sugars will eventually be exported transporter13a:
10.03
GRMZM2G173669
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: February 17th, 2018
Gene Model: December 28th, 2017
29 days agostk1 serine threonine kinase1: mutants have reduced pollen transmission
9.02
   Javeed, A et al. 2019. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17:1789-11802     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: May 13th, 2014
Variation: October 10th, 2018
29 days agobub3 budding inhibited by benzimidazoles homolog3: encodes WD40 repeat-like superfamily protein that is a mitotic checkpoint
9.02
GRMZM5G899300
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Variation: January 16th, 2017
Gene Model: January 15th, 2017
31 days agozp27 27-kDa zein protein: proline rich; least abundant of zeins in endosperm, not clear if all in zp27 cluster
7.02
   Zhang, ZY et al. 2019. Plant Biotechnol J pp.doi: 10.1111/pbi.13273     Reference: October 5th, 2019
Gene Product: September 17th, 2010
Variation: September 16th, 2010

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