Newly Characterized Genes

CHECK HERE FOR DESCRIPTIONS OF NEWLY CHARACTERIZED MAIZE GENES!

With the overwhelming number of genes that are being discovered by phenotypic and sequence analyses, the MaizeGDB staff is missing some that should be included in MaizeGDB. We need your help! Please let us know about new genes that you're working on or have recently read about.

MaizeGDB prefers not to assign formal gene names to gene models based purely on orthology. Known difficulties include inclusivity (there are over 10,000 functionally characterized Arabidopsis genes)* and some likelihood of errors in inferred functions. Unlike gene models, gene names are generally conserved unless differently named genes are found to be allelic. Of particular note, naming priveleges are customarily held by researchers who first confirm function.

We encourage researchers to use the annotation tool on the MaizeGDB gene model pages to add their insights about putative function, especially when not currently part of the Phytozome or Gramene pipelines.

Below is a list of newly reported or newly characterized genes (new reference, new gene product, and/or new variation) with which you may not yet be familiar. The genes are sorted by the last time the gene has been updated. To suggest genes for inclusion in this list, email us and include the gene name, full name, chromosome or bin, and a recent reference.

If you cannot find the gene you would like to recommend in the database, send us an email so that we can add it to the database!

This page is based on our monthly release. The updates are made around 4:00am CST.


         Recommended Genes


One month | Six months | One year | All time

New or updated genes since one month ago. The cutoff date is August 16th, 2019.

Last UpdateGeneFull Name : DescriptionChromosome
or Bin
Gene
Model
Recent ReferenceOrthologsUpdate information
6 days agondl1 needle1: displays severe reproductive defects and strong genetic interactions with known mutants affected in the regulation of the plant hormone auxin
 
GRMZM2G038401
Liu, QJ et al. 2019. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.1907071116     Reference: September 10th, 2019
Gene Product: September 10th, 2019
Variation: September 10th, 2019
Gene Model: September 10th, 2019
8 days agoumc1788a  :
7.00
GRMZM2G090824
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 8th, 2019
9 days agobk4 brittle stalk4: mutants have a brittle stalk phenotype
7.03
   Jiao, SP et al. 2019. Plant Physiol pp.doi: doi.org/10.1104/pp.19.00615     Reference: September 7th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 7th, 2019
9 days agorf5 restorer of fertility5: dominant Rf5 restores fertility to cms-C; complementary with Rf4 and Rf6
 
   Hu, YM et al. 2006. Theor Appl Genet 113:357-360     Reference: September 7th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
9 days agorfi1 restorer of Cms-C fertility inhibitor1: inhibitor of the Rf5 restorer
 
   Hu, YM et al. 2006. Theor Appl Genet 113:357-360     Reference: September 7th, 2019
Variation: September 6th, 2019
9 days agodin1 drought-induced protein 19 homolog1: responds to salt stress and may impact the expression of stress-related genes
 
GRMZM2G014066
Zhang, XG et al. 2019. Plant Cell Rep pp.doi: 10.1007/s00299-019-02467-1     Reference: September 7th, 2019
Gene Product: May 15th, 2019
Gene Model: September 7th, 2019
9 days agodek140 defective kernel140: mutant abolished the C-to-U editing of cox3-314, nad2-26 and nad5-1916 leads to accumulated reactive oxygen species and promoted programmed cell death in endosperm cells due to the dysfunction of mitochondrial complex I and IV
 
GRMZM2G304965
Ren, RC et al. 2019. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/erz391     Reference: September 7th, 2019
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: September 7th, 2019
Gene Model: September 7th, 2019
10 days agoms23 male sterile23: pollen mother cells degeneratedominant Rf4 restores fertility to cms-C; complementary with Rf5 and Rf6
8.01 - 8.02
GRMZM2G021276
Jaqueth, JS et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14521     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: September 6th, 2019
Gene Model: December 4th, 2016
10 days agopal1 phenylalanine ammonia lyase homolog1: leaf cDNA csu156 similar to rice phenylalanine ammonia lyase, single copy
5.05
   Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 6th, 2019
Variation: September 24th, 2014
10 days agopal2 phenylalanine ammonia lyase2:
2.04 - 2.04
GRMZM2G441347
Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: February 21st, 2017
Gene Model: February 21st, 2017
10 days agopal3 phenylalanine ammonia lyase3: used primers on cDNA from glume bars to PCR out RFLP probe. 190 bp ss-mRNA with homology to phenylalanine ammonia lyase. Mapped minor band to this site.
4.05
GRMZM2G160541
Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 25th, 2014
Gene Model: September 19th, 2014
10 days agopal7 phenylalanine ammonia lyase7:
 
GRMZM2G170692
Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 6th, 2019
Gene Model: May 6th, 2016
10 days agopal9 phenylalanine ammonia lyase9:
 
GRMZM2G029048
Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 6th, 2019
Gene Model: May 6th, 2016
10 days agopal6 phenylalanine ammonia lyase6:
 
GRMZM2G118345
Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 6th, 2019
Gene Model: May 6th, 2016
10 days agopal5 phenylalanine ammonia lyase5:
 
GRMZM2G081582
Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 6th, 2019
Gene Model: May 6th, 2016
10 days agopal4 phenylalanine ammonia lyase4:
 
GRMZM2G063917
Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 6th, 2019
Gene Model: May 6th, 2016
10 days agopal8 phenylalanine ammonia lyase8:
 
GRMZM2G334660
Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 6th, 2019
Gene Model: May 17th, 2016
10 days agopal10 phenylalanine ammonia lyase homolog10:
 
GRMZM2G326335
Yuan, W et al. 2019. Mol Plant Pathol pp.doi: 10.1111/mpp.12817     Reference: September 6th, 2019
Gene Product: September 6th, 2019
Gene Model: September 6th, 2019
10 days agorfi2 restorer of Cms-S fertility inhibitor2: inhibitor of the Rf9 restorer
 
   Gabay-Laughnan, S et al. 2009. Genetics 182:91-103     Reference: December 21st, 2009
Variation: September 6th, 2019
11 days agospi1 sparse inflorescence1: mutant tassels have fewer branches and spikelets, and its ears are small, with fewer kernels
3.08
GRMZM2G025222
Stephenson, E et al. 2019. PLoS One 14:e0203728     Reference: February 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 18th, 2018
Variation: September 5th, 2019
Gene Model: April 24th, 2013
Recommended by Lisa Harper:
October 7th, 2008
11 days agotd1 thick tassel dwarf1: shortened plants, fasciated ears, increased spikelet density in tassel
5.03
GRMZM2G300133
Liu, C et al. 2019. Breed Sci pp.doi: 10.1270/jsbbs.18170     Reference: September 5th, 2019
Gene Product: October 22nd, 2012
Variation: October 23rd, 2012
Gene Model: October 22nd, 2012
11 days agots1 tassel seed1: tassel pistillate and pendant; if removed, small ear with irregular kernel placement develops
2.04 - 2.05
   Stroud, LK; McGinnis, K. 2017. Plant Direct. DOI: 10.1002/pld3.19     Reference: October 21st, 2017
Gene Product: January 3rd, 2018
Variation: September 5th, 2019
11 days agorel2 ramosa1 enhancer locus2: rel2 mutants dramatically increase the formation of long branches in ears of both ra1 and ra2 mutants
10.03
   Liu, X; Galli, M; Camehl, I; Gallavotti, A. 2018. Plant Physiol. 0:doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00913     Reference: March 5th, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2018
Variation: September 5th, 2019
12 days agoarftf9 ARF-transcription factor 9: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
3.04
   Wang, CC et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi; 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110248     Reference: September 4th, 2019
Variation: September 25th, 2007
12 days agopcap1 plasma membrane-associated cation-binding protein:
5.04
GRMZM2G071089
Wang, CC et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi; 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110248     Reference: September 4th, 2019
Gene Product: September 4th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 4th, 2019
12 days agoglr1 glutamic acid- and lysine-rich1: Encodes a cell membrane localized microtubule-associated protein, that mediated leaf morphogenesis
3.00
GRMZM2G123558
Wang, CC et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi; 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110248     Reference: September 4th, 2019
Gene Product: September 4th, 2019
Gene Model: April 3rd, 2018
12 days agopgip1 polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein1:
 
GRMZM2G333980
Zhu, G et al. 2019. Phytopathology pp.doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-01-19-0008-R     Reference: September 4th, 2019
Gene Product: September 4th, 2019
Gene Model: September 4th, 2019
12 days agopgip2 polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein2:
 
GRMZM2G121312
Zhu, G et al. 2019. Phytopathology pp.doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-01-19-0008-R     Reference: September 4th, 2019
Gene Product: September 4th, 2019
Gene Model: September 4th, 2019
12 days agopgip3 polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein3: Over-expression in rice leads to sheath blight resistance
 
GRMZM2G025105
Zhu, G et al. 2019. Phytopathology pp.doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-01-19-0008-R     Reference: September 4th, 2019
Gene Product: September 4th, 2019
Gene Model: September 4th, 2019
12 days agodrepp2 developmentally regulated plasma membrane polypeptide2:
 
GRMZM2G007151
Wang, CC et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi; 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110248     Reference: September 4th, 2019
Gene Product: September 4th, 2019
Gene Model: September 4th, 2019
13 days agoumc1369  :
 
GRMZM2G049269
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agocl9362_1  :
8.06
GRMZM2G461793
    Variation: September 25th, 2007
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP1436  :
8.06
GRMZM5G805585
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP1628  :
8.09
GRMZM2G148881
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP2350  :
8.06
GRMZM2G134256
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP2398  :
8.08
GRMZM2G002858
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP2402  :
8.06
GRMZM2G340319
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP27  :
8.06
GRMZM2G472991
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP387  :
8.08
AC204359.3_FG005
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP706  :
8.08
GRMZM2G124047
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP763  :
8.08
GRMZM2G097032
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
13 days agoIDP771  :
8.06
GRMZM2G112079
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 3rd, 2019
14 days agoumc1121  :
8.05
GRMZM2G128658
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 2nd, 2019
15 days agocsu829  :
8.05
GRMZM2G042623
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 1st, 2019
15 days agoumc1712  :
8.05
GRMZM2G168590
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 1st, 2019
15 days agoIDP2365  :
8.05
GRMZM2G176707
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 1st, 2019
15 days agoIDP374  :
8.05
GRMZM2G456835
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: September 1st, 2019
16 days agonrx1 nucleoredoxin1: single copy cDNA sequence; thioredoxin-like
1.04
GRMZM2G048324
Cao, HW et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110243     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 11th, 2014
Gene Model: September 11th, 2014
Recommended by Ed Coe:
January 8th, 2008
16 days agopdk2 pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase2: cytosolic
8.04
GRMZM2G097457
Cao, HW et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110243     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: July 28th, 2014
Variation: December 19th, 2017
Gene Model: November 21st, 2012
16 days agopgm2 phosphoglucomutase2: electrophoretic mobility; null allele is known; cytosolic; monomeric
5.01
GRMZM2G109383
Cao, HW et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110243     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: November 28th, 2011
16 days agopdk1 pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase1: cDNA, genomic and peptide sequences; microsatellite mapped (SSRs phi025, phi078, phi081; nc012 ); cytosolic or plastidic, dependent on transcript processingmutant seedlings are pale green and lethal once kernel reserves are exhaused, even when plants were grown under 2% CO2
6.05
GRMZM2G306345
Cao, HW et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110243     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: July 28th, 2014
Variation: April 18th, 2018
Gene Model: November 21st, 2012
16 days agoeno1 enolase1: cDNA clone pZm245 complements enolase mutant in E. coli; leaf cDNA csu158 probes same site
9.02
   Cao, HW et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110243     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 25th, 2007
16 days agoumc1605  : NCBI: ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 2
1.12
GRMZM5G821637
Cao, HW et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110243     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Variation: November 18th, 2016
Gene Model: November 18th, 2016
16 days agovq52 VQ motif-transcription factor52: constitutively expressed in maize tissues, and mainly expressed in the leaf; it is located in the nucleus of maize protoplasts; overexpression in Arabidopsis accelerated premature leaf senescence (Yu et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G122447
Yu, TT et al. 2019. PLoS One 14:e0221949     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq1 VQ motif-transcription factor1:
 
GRMZM2G417835
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq2 VQ motif-transcription factor2:
 
GRMZM2G420357
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq3 VQ motif-transcription factor3:
 
GRMZM2G318652
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq4 VQ motif-transcription factor4:
 
GRMZM2G128644
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq5 VQ motif-transcription factor5:
 
GRMZM2G174650
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq6 VQ motif-transcription factor6:
 
GRMZM2G158976
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq7 VQ motif-transcription factor7:
 
GRMZM2G421934
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq8 VQ motif-transcription factor8:
 
GRMZM2G420630
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq9 VQ motif-transcription factor9:
 
GRMZM2G059064
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq10 VQ motif-transcription factor10:
 
GRMZM2G118172
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq11 VQ motif-transcription factor11:
 
GRMZM2G174210
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq12 VQ motif-transcription factor12:
 
AC206638.3_FG007
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq13 VQ motif-transcription factor13:
 
GRMZM2G023921
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq14 VQ motif-transcription factor14:
 
GRMZM2G369742
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq15 VQ motif-transcription factor15:
 
GRMZM2G147443
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq16 VQ motif-transcription factor16:
 
GRMZM2G101409
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq17 VQ motif-transcription factor17:
 
GRMZM2G354123
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq18 VQ motif-transcription factor18:
 
GRMZM2G055404
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq19 VQ motif-transcription factor19:
 
GRMZM2G378442
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq20 VQ motif-transcription factor20:
 
GRMZM2G314520
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq21 VQ motif-transcription factor21:
 
AC194056.3_FG008
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq22 VQ motif-transcription factor22:
 
GRMZM2G066599
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq23 VQ motif-transcription factor23:
 
GRMZM2G322950
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq24 VQ motif-transcription factor24:
 
GRMZM2G153597
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq25 VQ motif-transcription factor25:
 
GRMZM2G010333
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq26 VQ motif-transcription factor26:
 
GRMZM2G124290
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq27 VQ motif-transcription factor27:
 
GRMZM2G129140
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq28 VQ motif-transcription factor28:
 
GRMZM2G325208
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq29 VQ motif-transcription factor29:
 
AC207043.3_FG002
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq30 VQ motif-transcription factor30:
 
GRMZM2G346837
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq31 VQ motif-transcription factor31:
 
GRMZM2G061941
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq32 VQ motif-transcription factor32:
 
GRMZM2G003669
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq33 VQ motif-transcription factor33:
 
GRMZM2G420715
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq34 VQ motif-transcription factor34:
 
GRMZM2G082118
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq35 VQ motif-transcription factor35:
 
GRMZM2G099691
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq36 VQ motif-transcription factor36:
 
GRMZM2G174558
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq37 VQ motif-transcription factor37:
 
GRMZM5G814101
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq38 VQ motif-transcription factor38:
 
GRMZM2G355499
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq39 VQ motif-transcription factor39:
 
GRMZM2G083285
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq40 VQ motif-transcription factor40:
 
GRMZM2G126413
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq41 VQ motif-transcription factor41:
 
GRMZM2G316033
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq42 VQ motif-transcription factor42:
 
GRMZM2G151909
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq43 VQ motif-transcription factor43:
 
GRMZM2G036980
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq44 VQ motif-transcription factor44:
 
GRMZM2G180668
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq45 VQ motif-transcription factor45:
 
AC203294.3_FG012
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq46 VQ motif-transcription factor46:
 
GRMZM5G800535
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq47 VQ motif-transcription factor47:
 
GRMZM2G374336
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq48 VQ motif-transcription factor48:
 
GRMZM5G849527
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq49 VQ motif-transcription factor49:
 
GRMZM5G864059
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq50 VQ motif-transcription factor50:
 
GRMZM2G138370
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq51 VQ motif-transcription factor51:
 
GRMZM2G069169
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq53 VQ motif-transcription factor53:
 
GRMZM2G333049
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq54 VQ motif-transcription factor54:
 
GRMZM2G035531
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq55 VQ motif-transcription factor55:
 
GRMZM2G014839
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq56 VQ motif-transcription factor56:
 
GRMZM2G129815
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq57 VQ motif-transcription factor57:
 
GRMZM5G864133
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq58 VQ motif-transcription factor58:
 
GRMZM2G180262
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq59 VQ motif-transcription factor59:
 
GRMZM2G060720
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq60 VQ motif-transcription factor60:
 
GRMZM2G064903
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agovq61 VQ motif-transcription factor61:
 
GRMZM2G475276
Song, WB et al. 2016. Frontiers Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01177     Reference: August 31st, 2019
Gene Product: August 31st, 2019
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
16 days agoIDP2456  :
8.05
GRMZM2G082792
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: August 31st, 2019
17 days agobr2 brachytic2: like br1; mi1 is allelic and preceded (1935), but br2 name is retained due to long usagelike Arabidopsis ABC transporter B family member 1
1.06 - 1.07
GRMZM2G315375
Li, PC et al. 2019. Genes 10: 664     Reference: August 30th, 2019
Gene Product: May 1st, 2012
Variation: July 15th, 2019
Gene Model: April 28th, 2012
17 days agoumc1302  :
8.03
GRMZM2G062974
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 30th, 2019
17 days agoumc1427  :
8.03 - 8.04
GRMZM5G821139
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 30th, 2019
17 days agobhlh82 bHLH-transcription factor 82: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Wang, HL et al. 2019. PLoS Genetics 15:e1008377     Reference: August 30th, 2019
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: August 30th, 2019
17 days agopco077003  :
8.03
GRMZM2G147051
    Variation: September 25th, 2007
Gene Model: August 30th, 2019
17 days agoIDP602  : similar to Electron transporter, putative (DUF179) of A. thaliana
8.04
GRMZM2G084274
    Variation: March 30th, 2007
Gene Model: August 30th, 2019
18 days agohb1 hemoglobin1: suppression of expression associated with programmed cell death (Huang et al 2014)cDNA sequence; SSR umc1733;cloned hb gene codes for a predicted protein of 164 amino acids
9.06
GRMZM2G067402
Owusu, V et al. 2019. Planta pp.doi: 10.1007/s00425-019-03263-7     Reference: August 29th, 2019
Gene Product: February 20th, 2018
Variation: September 24th, 2010
Gene Model: May 15th, 2014
19 days agoumc1385  :
8.03
AC234185.1_FG004
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 28th, 2019
20 days agoAY110113  :
8.03
GRMZM2G053574
    Variation: September 25th, 2007
Gene Model: August 27th, 2019
21 days agoscro1 scarecrow1: mRNA expressed in endodermis and quiescent center of root, influencing radial pattern
4.08
GRMZM2G131516
Hughes, TE; Sedelnikova, OV; Wu, H; Becraft, PW; Langdale, JA. 2019. Development. 0:doi: 10.1242/dev.177543     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: June 24th, 2019
Variation: June 24th, 2019
Gene Model: November 11th, 2012
Recommended by Ed Coe:
January 25th, 2007
21 days agogbf1 G-box binding factor1: anoxia induced, nuclear, basic-region leucine zipper protein; low copy number; cDNA clone
6.07
GRMZM2G011932
Cao, LR et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174103     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: December 7th, 2012
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
21 days agolip15 low temperature-induced protein15: cDNA cross hybridizing to rice lip19, bZIP protein from rabbit reticulocytes or E. coli binds wheat histone H3 gene promoter; single band in Southerns
6.01
GRMZM2G448607
Cao, LR et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174103     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: March 14th, 2007
Gene Model: July 28th, 2016
21 days agogras37 GRAS-transcription factor 37: In double mutants with scro1, most leaf veins are separated by one rather than two mesophyll cells Hughes et al., 2019)
 
   Hughes, TE; Sedelnikova, OV; Wu, H; Becraft, PW; Langdale, JA. 2019. Development. 0:doi: 10.1242/dev.177543     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: June 24th, 2019
Variation: June 24th, 2019
21 days agobzip22 bZIP-transcription factor 22: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Cao, LR et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174103   AT1G43700 (TAIR) Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Variation: September 24th, 2018
21 days agobzip4 bZIP-transcription factor 4: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Cao, LR et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174103     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Variation: August 21st, 2018
21 days agoobf1 octopine synthase binding factor1: encodes protein with bZIP motif that binds to transcriptional enhancer sequences (ocs-elements); gene specific probe; map location unclearbzip39 locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
1.05
GRMZM2G479885
Cao, LR et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174103     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 29th, 2012
Gene Model: July 28th, 2016
21 days agome3 NADP malic enzyme3: chloroplast C4-photosynthesis, delivers CO2 to ribulose bisphosphate carboylase
3.02
   Alvarez, CE, et al. 2019. Nature Plants. 0:doi:10.1038/s41477-019-0451-7     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: June 27th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
21 days agoohp2 opaque2 heterodimerizing protein2: cDNA sequence, SSRs nc007, phi024
5.01
   Cao, LR et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174103     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 25th, 2015
21 days agoembp1 EM binding protein1 homologue: bZIP protein binds to O2 box; wheat EM orthologue
7.02
GRMZM2G095078
Cao, LR et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174103     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Variation: September 5th, 2018
Gene Model: September 5th, 2018
21 days agobzip129 bZIP-transcription factor 129:
 
GRMZM2G024851
Cao, LR et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174103     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Gene Model: August 26th, 2019
21 days agobzip127 bZIP-transcription factor 127: similar to Arabidopsis basic leucine zipper transcription factor-like protein (NCBI)Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
1.06
GRMZM2G175280
Cao, LR et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174103     Reference: August 26th, 2019
Variation: September 6th, 2017
Gene Model: September 6th, 2017
23 days agoscl1 scarecrow-like1: cDNA sequence
8.03
GRMZM2G023872
Peng, XJ et al. 2019. Plant Cell Rep pp.doi: 10.1007/s00299-019-02458-2     Reference: August 24th, 2019
Gene Product: June 24th, 2019
Variation: August 26th, 2015
Gene Model: August 26th, 2015
23 days agonrp1 no-apical-meristem-related protein1: Involved in coordinating the accumulation of starch and proteins by regulating the expression of key starch biosynthetic enzymes and the major seed proteins (Zhang et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G062650
Peng, XJ et al. 2019. Plant Cell Rep pp.doi: 10.1007/s00299-019-02458-2     Reference: August 24th, 2019
Gene Product: July 8th, 2019
Variation: March 31st, 2011
Gene Model: July 28th, 2016
23 days agoinvinh1 invertase inhibitor1: Interacts with incw5 (Zhao et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G162447
Chen, L et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174081     Reference: August 24th, 2019
Gene Product: August 7th, 2019
Gene Model: August 7th, 2019
23 days agoinvinh2 invertase inhibitor2:
 
GRMZM2G300141
Chen, L et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174081     Reference: August 24th, 2019
Gene Product: August 7th, 2019
Gene Model: August 24th, 2019
23 days agoinvinh3 invertase inhibitor3:
 
GRMZM2G096897
Chen, L et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174081     Reference: August 24th, 2019
Gene Product: August 7th, 2019
Gene Model: August 24th, 2019
23 days agoinvinh4 invertase inhibitor4: inhibits both cell wall and vacuolar invertase activities from maize leaves
 
GRMZM2G368698
Chen, L et al. 2019. Int J Mol Sci pp.doi: 10.3390/ijms20174081     Reference: August 24th, 2019
Gene Product: August 7th, 2019
Gene Model: August 24th, 2019
24 days agogt1 grassy tillers1: numerous basal branches; vegetatively totipotent in combination with id1 and factors for perennialismputative transcription factor that reduces branching, and is induced by shade
1.04
GRMZM2G005624
Dong, ZB et al. 2019. Nature communications 10:3810     Reference: August 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: March 5th, 2012
Variation: August 18th, 2011
Gene Model: March 5th, 2012
24 days agohsf1 hairy sheath frayed1: dominant Hsf1 plants have pubescent sheaths and leaf margins; liguled enations at leaf marginscytokinin receptor; cytokinin responsive histidine protein kinase
5.06 - 5.07
GRMZM2G151223
Muszynski, MG et al. 2019. bioRxiv preprint pp.doi; 10.1101/743898     Reference: August 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: May 20th, 2016
Variation: August 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: August 23rd, 2019
24 days agotb1 teosinte branched1: many tillers; ear branches tassel-like; affects apical dominanceGRASSIUS: TCP transcription factor (TCP1)
1.09
   Dong, ZB et al. 2019. Nature communications 10:3810     Reference: August 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: February 2nd, 2017
24 days agotga1 teosinte glume architecture1: glumes indurated, erect, long, boat-shaped; factor transferred from teosinte
4.05
GRMZM2G101511
Dong, ZB et al. 2019. Nature communications 10:3810     Reference: August 23rd, 2019
Gene Product: July 5th, 2019
Variation: May 7th, 2015
Gene Model: October 28th, 2011
24 days agopco107884  :
9.03
GRMZM2G118019
    Variation: September 25th, 2007
Gene Model: August 23rd, 2019
25 days agoo2 opaque endosperm2: like o1; high lysine content; regulates b-32 protein (see rip1); reduced lysine degradation (lysine-ketoglutaric reductase); SSRs phi057, 112
7.01
   Wang, W et al. 2019. Sci. Rep. 9:12265     Reference: August 22nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 6th, 2016
25 days agoabi12 ABI3-VP1-transcription factor 12: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Tian, JG, et al. 2019. Science. 365:658-664     Reference: August 22nd, 2019
Variation: August 16th, 2019
25 days agobgaf1 beta glucosidase aggregating factor1:
7.02
GRMZM2G172204
Ma, YH et al. 2019. Grassland Sci pp.doi: 10.1111/grs.12246     Reference: August 22nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: October 23rd, 2013
Gene Model: October 24th, 2011
25 days agorpl35 60S ribosomal protein L35:
5.04
GRMZM2G043279
Alexandrov, NN, et al. 2009. Plant Mol Biol. 69:179-194     Reference: January 11th, 2009
Gene Product: August 22nd, 2019
Gene Model: June 19th, 2017
25 days agobrd1 brassinosteroid-deficient dwarf1: Mutant plants have essentially no internode elongation and exhibit no etiolation response when germinated in the dark.
 
GRMZM2G103773
Tian, JG, et al. 2019. Science. 365:658-664     Reference: August 22nd, 2019
Gene Product: February 18th, 2012
Variation: August 16th, 2019
Gene Model: February 15th, 2012
25 days agoo*-QCL3024 opaque*-QCL3024: mutant has opaque/high-lysine endosperm
 
   Wang, W et al. 2019. Sci. Rep. 9:12265     Reference: August 22nd, 2019
Variation: February 16th, 2013
25 days agorpl35a 60S ribosomal protein L35a: may be a key gene involved in cold response of maize under low temperature (Ma et al., 2019)
 
   Ma, YH et al. 2019. Grassland Sci pp.doi: 10.1111/grs.12246     Reference: August 22nd, 2019
Gene Product: August 22nd, 2019
29 days agorpo1 RNA polymerase II homolog1: leaf cDNA csu150, similar to yeast RBP2, RNA polymerase
1.08
GRMZM2G113928
Rixmann, C et al. 1992. in Heller, SR et al. 1992. Abstracts, Plant Genome I, San Diego, CA     Reference: September 1st, 2003
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 18th, 2019
30 days agoago18b argonaute18b: mutant affects length of central tassel branch
1.08
GRMZM2G457370
Sun, W et al. 2019. BMC Genomics pp.doi: 10.1186/s12864-019-6028-z     Reference: August 17th, 2019
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Variation: August 17th, 2019
Gene Model: August 12th, 2016

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